Vermont migrant dairy worker José Ignacio spent a year and a half sleeping on makeshift beds, including a mattress laid over an old water fountain for cows. Now an activist, he and several local groups are working together to provide immigrant dairy workers with quality, energy-efficient housing. Migrant Justice, worker-owned cooperative New Frameworks, and the energy efficiency utility Efficiency Vermont are designing solutions to improve farmworkers’ subpar living conditions (their housing standards are seldom enforced) while reducing energy costs and emissions. “This affects all of us, even our employers,” Ignacio said. “Because if we are sick, we can’t work, so it’s a loss for everyone. We can even lose our lives.” A large component of design will include input from the workers themselves.